Teeth cleanings are also referred to as scaling and root planning. This is the act of professionally removing the soft (plaque) and hard (tartar or calculus) deposits from the teeth both above and below the gum line. These soft and hard deposits are the primary causes of infection of the gums otherwise known as gingivitis. Luckily, gingivitis is 100% reversible if caught early enough and before it progresses to the next stage.
If left untreated and unmaintained, this infection can worsen and become periodontitis which is an infection of the supporting structures being the bone that supports your teeth. Unfortunately once you lose the bone, there is no getting it back. It is crucial that you see your hygienist for regular visits to maintain, control and stop the progression of disease. Special dental hygiene regimens can be implemented to arrest, maintain and improve your oral condition.